Discover How to Cook Turkey Like a Pro

When it comes to cooking a turkey, there are a lot of things to consider. From the size of the bird to the temperature of the oven, it can be overwhelming to know where to start. But fear not, because with a little bit of know-how and some expert tips, you too can cook a delicious turkey like a pro. Whether you’re cooking for Thanksgiving, Christmas, or just a regular family dinner, perfecting your turkey game is sure to impress your guests. So let’s get started!

Discover How to Cook Turkey Like a Pro | Eat Urban Garden
Discover How to Cook Turkey Like a Pro

What is the Best Way to Defrost a Turkey?

Defrosting a turkey is crucial to ensure that it is thoroughly cooked and safe to eat. It is recommended that a turkey is defrosted in the refrigerator, rather than at room temperature, to prevent bacteria growth. Here are some steps to follow to safely defrost a turkey:

Step 1: Plan Ahead

It is important to plan ahead and allow enough time for the turkey to defrost. A good rule of thumb to remember is to allow 24 hours of defrosting time for every 4-5 pounds of turkey. This means that for a 18-20 pound turkey, you should give yourself at least 4-5 days to defrost it in the refrigerator.

Step 2: Preparation

Before placing the turkey in the refrigerator, make sure it is in a leak-proof container or on a tray to catch any juices that may escape during defrosting. You don’t want raw turkey juice leaking into other foods in your refrigerator.

Step 3: Defrost in the Refrigerator

Place the turkey in the refrigerator and allow it to defrost at a temperature below 40°F. This slow and steady defrosting process allows the turkey to thaw evenly and prevents the growth of bacteria. Keep in mind that the larger the turkey, the longer it will take to defrost.

Step 4: Check Progress

After a day or two, check to see how much the turkey has defrosted. You can do this by placing your hand on the turkey to feel for any frozen parts. If the turkey is still partially frozen, give it some more time to defrost.

Step 5: Use within Timeframe

Once the turkey is fully defrosted, it is important to use it within a certain timeframe. A defrosted turkey can be kept in the refrigerator for up to 4 days before cooking. If you need to keep it longer, it is best to freeze it again.

By following these steps, you can defrost your turkey safely and ensure a delicious and healthy meal for you and your guests.

What Equipment is Needed to Cook a Turkey?

Cooking a turkey requires several pieces of equipment that are essential for a successful outcome. Here are the basic supplies and kitchen tools that you will need:

A Roasting Pan

A roasting pan is the most important piece of equipment for cooking a turkey. It’s essential that you use a pan that is large enough to accommodate the size of your bird. Generally, a pan that’s 2-3 inches deep is ideal.

A Meat Thermometer

A meat thermometer is essential for ensuring that your turkey is cooked to the appropriate temperature. The internal temperature of a turkey should reach at least 165°F in the thickest part of the bird.

An Oven

While this might seem obvious, a functioning oven is necessary for cooking your turkey. Make sure that your oven is clean and free of any debris before you start cooking. Additionally, ensure that the oven racks are positioned appropriately so that your turkey will fit and cook evenly.

An Appropriate Serving Platter

When it comes time to take your turkey out of the oven, you’ll need a platter that’s large enough to hold it. This is important for ensuring that your turkey stays warm and moist until it’s time to carve and serve.

What are the Different Turkey Cooking Methods?

Thanksgiving is just around the corner and it’s time to start thinking about turkey. Turkey is the centerpiece of any Thanksgiving table, and there are several different ways to prepare it. Here are the most common cooking methods for turkey:


Roasting is perhaps the most traditional way to cook a turkey. To roast a turkey, you need to preheat your oven and place the turkey in a roasting pan. You should stuff the turkey if desired and then brush it with oil or butter. Cover the turkey with foil and roast it in the oven for several hours. Remove the foil for the last hour of cooking to allow the turkey to brown.


Deep-frying a turkey has grown in popularity in recent years. To deep-fry a turkey, you need a large pot and a lot of oil. You should also inject the turkey with a marinade to add flavor and moisture to the meat. Heat the oil in the pot and then slowly lower the turkey into the oil. Cook the turkey for about 3-4 minutes per pound or until the internal temperature reaches 165°F.


Smoking a turkey is a great way to infuse it with flavor. There are several different types of wood you can use to smoke a turkey, such as hickory or applewood. You should brine the turkey before smoking to keep it moist. Heat your smoker to the desired temperature and place the turkey inside. Smoke the turkey for several hours until it reaches an internal temperature of 165°F.


Grilling a turkey is a great way to cook it if you don’t have access to an oven. You should spatchcock the turkey before grilling, which means removing the backbone and flattening the bird. Brush the turkey with oil or butter and then place it on the grill. Cook the turkey over indirect heat for several hours until it reaches an internal temperature of 165°F.

How Long Does it Take to Cook a Turkey?

The cooking time of a turkey is an essential aspect of achieving a delicious and perfectly cooked bird. To determine the cooking time of a turkey, several factors should be considered, including its weight, desired level of doneness, and the cooking method used. However, a general rule of thumb is 15-20 minutes of cooking time per pound at 350°F.

The Importance of Cooking Time

The cooking time of a turkey is crucial because undercooking it can lead to dangerous bacterial growth, while overcooking it can result in a dry and tough meat texture. Therefore, it is essential to follow the recommended cooking times to ensure that the bird is cooked thoroughly and correctly.

  • Calculating Estimated Cooking Time
  • Calculating the estimated cooking time of a turkey can make meal planning more manageable. There are different ways to calculate the cooking time of a turkey, and one of the easiest is by using the general rule of thumb, as mentioned above. But it’s important to note that other factors, such as the cooking method used, can add or decrease cooking time. Here are some of the most common cooking methods and their estimated cooking times:

    Cooking Method Estimated Cooking Time
    Oven Roasting (at 350°F) 15-20 minutes per pound
    Frying (at 350°F) 3-4 minutes per pound
    Grilling (at Medium Heat) 10-12 minutes per pound
  • Using a Meat Thermometer
  • One of the safest and most accurate ways to determine if a turkey is cooked properly is by using a meat thermometer. The temperature should reach 165°F in the thickest part of the turkey to ensure that all harmful bacteria are destroyed. Using a meat thermometer can also prevent overcooking the bird, resulting in juicy and tender meat.

How Do I Keep My Turkey Moist?

Thanksgiving is just around the corner, and turkey is the undisputed centerpiece of the holiday table. But let’s face it: cooking a turkey can be a daunting task, especially when it comes to keeping the meat moist.


One of the most effective ways to ensure a moist, succulent turkey is to brine it before cooking. Brining involves soaking the turkey in a saltwater solution, which helps to break down the proteins in the meat and allows it to absorb more moisture. You can add other flavorings to the brine, such as herbs, spices, citrus zest, or even beer or wine.

  • Start by choosing a non-reactive container that’s large enough to hold the turkey and the brine. A plastic bucket or a brining bag works well.
  • In a large pot, combine water, salt, sugar, and any other flavorings you want to use.
  • Heat the mixture until the salt and sugar dissolve, stirring occasionally.
  • Let the brine cool to room temperature.
  • Place the turkey in the container or brining bag and pour the brine over it.
  • Make sure the turkey is fully submerged in the brine, adding more water if necessary.
  • Cover the container or close the bag and refrigerate for at least 12 hours and up to 24 hours.
  • When you’re ready to cook the turkey, remove it from the brine, rinse it thoroughly with cold water, and pat it dry with paper towels.


Another way to help keep the turkey moist is to baste it during cooking. Basting involves brushing or spooning a liquid (such as melted butter, broth, or pan juices) over the turkey several times during roasting. This helps to prevent the meat from drying out and adds flavor to the skin.

Compound Butter

You can also make and use a compound butter on your turkey to keep it moist and add flavor. A compound butter is simply butter that has been mixed with other ingredients, such as herbs, spices, garlic, or citrus zest. You can apply the compound butter under the skin of the turkey or over the skin, or both. As the turkey roasts, the butter melts and helps to keep the meat tender and juicy.

Remember: the key to a moist turkey is to cook it to the right temperature. Use a meat thermometer to make sure the internal temperature of the thickest part of the thigh reaches 165°F (75°C).

What Can I Do with Leftover Turkey?

When holidays come around, we look forward to indulging in turkey and all the trimmings. However, when the celebratory meals come to an end, we’re often left with ample leftovers. Fortunately, leftover turkey can be transformed into delicious and creative dishes that bring new life to the holiday staple. Here are some ideas that will keep you excited about turkey for days to come:


One of the simplest and most comforting ways to use leftover turkey is to turn it into a warm and hearty soup. For a classic turkey noodle soup, combine bite-sized pieces of turkey with chopped carrots, onions, and celery in a large pot of chicken broth. Add thyme, rosemary, and bay leaves for flavor, along with salt and pepper to taste. Bring to a boil, then reduce heat and let simmer until vegetables are soft and tender.

Alternatively, try making a creamy turkey and wild rice soup by combining cooked rice and turkey with sautéed onions and mushrooms, chicken broth, and cream. Garnish with chopped parsley and serve with crusty bread for a delicious and comforting meal.


Casseroles are a great way to use up turkey and other leftover ingredients in one dish. Try making a classic turkey pot pie by layering cooked turkey with carrots, peas, and celery in a baking dish. Top with a mixture of flour, butter, and chicken broth for a crispy and delicious crust.

For a Mexican twist, make a turkey enchilada casserole using shredded turkey, black beans, corn, and spices. Layer tortillas, turkey mixture, and cheese in a baking dish and bake until bubbly and cheesy.


If you’re looking for a lighter way to use up leftover turkey, try making a salad. Combine sliced turkey with mixed greens, dried cranberries, and pecans for a Thanksgiving-inspired salad. Drizzle with balsamic vinaigrette for a tangy and refreshing flavor.

Or, make a turkey Caesar salad by tossing lettuce with Caesar dressing, croutons, and turkey. Add shaved Parmesan cheese for an extra flavor boost.


A leftover turkey sandwich is a classic way to enjoy the holiday bird. Layer sliced turkey with stuffing, cranberry sauce, and mayo on your favorite bread for a delicious and nostalgic meal.

If you’re looking for something a little more gourmet, try making a turkey panini with fresh mozzarella, roasted red peppers, and pesto. Grill until crispy and melted for a satisfying and flavorful sandwich.

Savory Pies

If you’re feeling adventurous in the kitchen, try making a savory pie with leftover turkey. A turkey and leek pie is a classic English dish that’s easy to make and delicious to eat. Combine cooked turkey with sautéed leeks, chicken broth, and cream, then top with puff pastry and bake until golden and crispy.

Alternatively, try making a turkey and mushroom pie by sautéing mushrooms and onions with turkey, chicken broth, and cream, then topping with a buttery crust and baking until hot and bubbly.

Thanks for Joining Us

We hope that you got some great tips for cooking the perfect turkey from our guide. Remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t be afraid to try again and experiment with different flavors and methods. We appreciate you taking the time to read our article, and we encourage you to visit us again for more helpful cooking tips and delicious recipes. Happy cooking!

Discover How to Cook Turkey Like a Pro

Find out how to cook the perfect turkey with our easy step-by-step guide. Impress your guests with a flavorful, juicy bird every time!

  • 1 whole turkey (12-14 pounds)
  • 1/2 cup unsalted butter (softened)
  • Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
  • 1 onion (quartered)
  • 1 lemon (quartered)
  • 1 head garlic (halved)
  • 1/2 bunch fresh rosemary
  • 1/2 bunch fresh thyme
  1. Preheat the oven to 325°F. Remove the turkey from its packaging and rinse it thoroughly with cold water. Pat dry with paper towels. Tuck the wings underneath the body and tie the legs together with kitchen twine. Season the turkey inside and out with kosher salt and black pepper.
  2. Stuff the cavity of the turkey with the onion, lemon, garlic, rosemary, and thyme. Rub the softened butter all over the bird, including under the skin. Place the turkey on a roasting rack in a large roasting pan.
  3. Roast the turkey in the oven for 3 to 3 1/2 hours, or until the internal temperature reaches 165°F in the thickest part of the turkey. Baste the turkey with its own juices every 45 minutes or so. If the turkey starts to get too brown, cover it loosely with aluminum foil.
  4. Once the turkey is fully cooked, remove it from the oven and let it rest for at least 20 minutes before carving. This will allow the juices to redistribute, resulting in a more tender and juicy bird. Carve and serve!
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turkey, cooking, Thanksgiving, Christmas, holiday

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