Cooking Millet: A Beginner’s Guide

Cooking millets is an excellent way to add some variety to your meals. Millets are small-seeded grasses that are high in nutrients and easy to digest. They are also gluten-free, making them a great option for those with gluten sensitivities. However, if you’ve never cooked millet before, it can be intimidating. Where do you start? In this Beginner’s Guide, we’ll walk you through everything you need to know to cook millets successfully.

Cooking Millet: A Beginner's Guide | Eat Urban Garden
Cooking Millet: A Beginner’s Guide

The Benefits of Cooking Millet

Millet is a nutrient-dense grain that is a great addition to any healthy diet. Not only is millet naturally gluten-free, but it is also rich in essential nutrients that can help you maintain good health. In this section, we’ll explore the various health benefits of cooking and incorporating millet into your diet.


Millet is packed with essential nutrients that can help keep you healthy and reduce your risk of chronic diseases. It is an excellent source of dietary fiber, protein, vitamins, and minerals. For example, just one cup of cooked millet contains 6 grams of protein, 2 grams of fiber, and 19% of the daily recommended value of magnesium. It also contains iron, calcium, potassium, and zinc, all of which are important minerals for maintaining good overall health.


For people with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease, millet is an excellent alternative to wheat and other gluten-containing grains. Millet is naturally gluten-free, making it a safe and healthy option for people with gluten intolerance. It’s also an excellent choice for people who follow a gluten-free diet for weight loss or other health-related reasons.

Aids Digestion

Another benefit of cooking millet is its ability to aid digestion. Millet is high in fiber, which helps to keep your digestive system functioning properly. The insoluble fiber in millet also helps to prevent constipation and other digestive issues. Additionally, millet is a prebiotic food, meaning it helps to promote the growth of beneficial gut bacteria, which can improve overall digestion and immune function.

Types of Millet to Cook

Millet is a versatile and nutritious grain that can be used in a variety of dishes. Here are some of the different types of millet to consider using in your cooking:

Pearl Millet

Pearl millet is the most widely grown type of millet in the world. It has a slightly nutty flavor and is often used to make porridge or flatbreads. Pearl millet is also rich in protein and fiber, making it a healthy choice for those looking to add more whole grains to their diet.

Finger Millet

Finger millet, also known as ragi, is a popular grain in India and Africa. It has a slightly bitter taste and is often used to make porridge or fermented drinks. Finger millet is also high in calcium, making it a great choice for vegetarians and people who are lactose intolerant.

Proso Millet

Proso millet is a popular grain in many parts of the world, including Asia, Europe, and the United States. It has a mild taste and can be used in a variety of dishes, including salads, casseroles, and pilafs. Proso millet is also a good source of protein and fiber.

Foxtail Millet

Foxtail millet is a popular grain in China and other parts of East Asia. It has a slightly sweet taste and is often used to make porridge or soups. Foxtail millet is also rich in protein and iron, making it a great choice for athletes and people who are anemic.

Barnyard Millet

Barnyard millet, also known as shyama in India, is a gluten-free grain that is rich in protein and fiber. It has a slightly nutty flavor and can be used in a variety of dishes, including porridge, pilafs, and salads. Barnyard millet is also a good source of calcium and phosphorus.

Preparing Millet for Cooking

If you’re new to cooking with millet, it’s important to know that there are several ways to prepare this versatile grain before you start cooking it. How you prepare the millet can affect the final result, including the texture and overall taste of the dish. Here are a few methods to consider:

Rinsing and Toasting Millet

One of the most common ways to prepare millet for cooking is to rinse and toast it beforehand. Rinsing the millet helps remove any dirt or debris, while toasting it can add a bit of nutty flavor to the finished dish.

To rinse and toast millet, start by placing the desired amount of millet in a dry skillet over medium heat. Shake the pan frequently to prevent the millet from burning, and continue toasting until it turns golden brown and smells nutty. This should take about 5-7 minutes. Once toasted, remove the skillet from heat and place the millet in a fine-mesh sieve. Rinse the millet under cold running water until the water runs clear.

Soaking Millet

Soaking millet before cooking can help reduce cooking time and improve its overall digestibility. To soak millet, simply place the desired amount in a large bowl and cover it with water. Allow the millet to soak for at least 30 minutes, or up to several hours. Once the millet has finished soaking, drain off any excess water and rinse it well before cooking.

Millet Flour

If you’re looking for a gluten-free alternative to regular flour, millet flour is a great choice. Simply grind up millet using a food processor or grain mill until it reaches a fine consistency. Use the flour in your favorite recipes for baked goods, pancakes, or bread. Keep in mind that because millet doesn’t contain gluten, baked goods made with millet flour may need additional binders such as eggs or xanthan gum.

Millet Grits

Another preparation option for millet is to turn it into grits. Millet grits are similar to corn grits in texture and can be used in a variety of recipes. To make millet grits, simply grind the millet until it reaches a coarse consistency. Cook the grits in water or broth until tender, then serve as a side dish or use as a base for other dishes like stews or stir-frys.

Cooking Millet in Different Ways

Millet is a gluten-free and nutrient-rich grain. It can be cooked in several ways to enhance its unique taste and texture. Here in this article, we will explore different cooking methods for millet and how to obtain the perfect texture for your dishes.

Boiling Millet

The boiling method is the most common way to cook millet. It’s simple, quick and results in a fluffy texture. Here are the steps to cook millet using the boiling method:

  1. Rinse millet in a mesh strainer under cold water, and drain well.
  2. In a saucepan, bring 2 cups of water to a boil.
  3. Add the millet and stir to combine.
  4. Reduce heat to low and cover with a lid.
  5. Cook for about 20 minutes until water is absorbed and millet is tender.
  6. Remove from heat and let it sit for 5 minutes before fluffing it with a fork.

Baking Millet

Baking millet gives it a more intense flavor and a crunchy texture. It is an excellent alternative to rice when making pilafs or rice pudding. Here’s how to bake millet:

  • Preheat the oven to 375°F.
  • Rinse millet in a mesh strainer under cold water, and drain well.
  • In a baking dish, combine 1 cup of millet with 2 cups of water or broth, and a pinch of salt.
  • Stir to combine and cover with foil.
  • Bake in the oven for 25-30 minutes or until the liquid is absorbed and the millet is tender.
  • Remove from the oven and let it cool for 5 minutes before serving.

Pressure Cooking Millet

Pressure cooking is an excellent method of cooking millets as it reduces the cooking time while keeping the texture and nutrients intact. Here’s how to cook millet using a pressure cooker:

Ingredients Instructions
1 cup millet Rinse millet in a mesh strainer under cold water, and drain well.
2 cups water or broth In a pressure cooker, add millet and water or broth.
1 pinch of salt Add a pinch of salt and stir to combine.
Cover the pressure cooker with its lid and set it to “high pressure”.
Cook for 10-12 minutes, and then let the pressure release naturally.
Open the lid, and fluff the millet with a fork before serving.

Toasting Millet

Toasting millet gives it a nuttier and richer flavor. It makes a great garnish or topping for salad or soups. Here’s how to toast millet:

Heat a dry saucepan over low-medium heat. Add the millet and cook for 3-4 minutes, stirring frequently, until it turns golden brown and fragrant. Remove it from heat and transfer it to a clean plate to cool down.

Recipes Featuring Millet

Adding a grain like millet to your diet is a great way to improve your health and lifestyle. It’s not only delicious but also provides numerous nutritional benefits. Here are some scrumptious recipes featuring millet that you can try at home.

Millet Breakfast Porridge

Start your day with a nutritious breakfast filled with proteins and vitamins. This millet breakfast porridge is easy to make and has a creamy texture that will keep you satisfied throughout the day.

  • Bring 2 cups of water and 1 cup of millet to a boil in a pot.
  • Reduce heat, cover, and simmer for 20 minutes.
  • Stir in 1 cup of milk, 2 tablespoons of honey, and a pinch of salt.
  • Simmer for another 5 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the porridge thickens to your desired consistency.

Millet and Vegetable Stir Fry

This recipe is perfect for a quick lunch or dinner that’s packed with nutritious vegetables and flavor. Customize it to your liking by adding your favorite veggies.

  • Cook 1 cup of millet according to the package instructions.
  • Heat a tablespoon of olive oil in a pan and add chopped onions and minced garlic.
  • Add your favorite vegetables such as diced carrots, bell peppers, and zucchini, and stir fry until tender.
  • Add in the cooked millet and toss everything together until heated through.
  • Season with salt, pepper, and any other herbs of your choice.

Millet and Chickpea Salad

This salad is not only colorful but also full of protein and fiber. It’s perfect for a summer lunch or as a side dish for a barbecue.

  • Cook 1 cup of millet according to the package instructions.
  • In a separate bowl, mix together a can of drained and rinsed chickpeas, diced tomatoes, cucumbers, red onions, and chopped parsley.
  • Add in the cooked millet and toss everything together.
  • Drizzle with olive oil and lemon juice and season with salt and pepper.

Millet and Mushroom Risotto

This comforting dish is perfect for a cozy dinner and is vegan-friendly. The creamy texture comes from the millet and is combined with sautéed mushrooms and other delicious ingredients.

  • Sauté chopped onions and minced garlic in a pot until fragrant.
  • Add in sliced mushrooms and cook until tender.
  • Add in 1 cup of uncooked millet and stir until coated with the mixture.
  • Gradually add 4 cups of vegetable broth, stirring frequently and allowing the millet to absorb the liquid before adding more.
  • Once the millet is cooked, stir in 1 cup of frozen peas, nutritional yeast, and chopped parsley.

Millet and Blueberry Muffins

Add a sweet touch to your breakfast or snack with these delectable muffins that feature millet and juicy blueberries.

  • Preheat your oven to 375°F.
  • In a bowl, mix together 1 cup of cooked millet, 1 and 1/2 cups of flour, 1 tablespoon of baking powder, and a pinch of salt.
  • In another bowl, whisk together 2 eggs, 1/2 cup of honey, 1/2 cup of milk, and 1/4 cup of melted butter.
  • Gently fold in the dry ingredients and 1 cup of fresh blueberries.
  • Spoon the batter into a greased muffin tin and bake for 20 minutes or until a toothpick inserted comes out clean.

Storage and Shelf life of Cooked Millet

After learning how to cook millet, it is important to know how to store it properly in order to avoid spoilage and wasted food. Cooked millet can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to four days. If you want to keep it for a longer period of time, cooked millet can be frozen for up to six months.

How to Tell if Cooked Millet has Gone Bad

It is important to check cooked millet for signs of spoilage before consuming it. The color of cooked millet can change to brown or black, and it can develop an unpleasant odor. If you notice either of these signs, discard the millet immediately. Additionally, if cooked millet has been left at room temperature for more than two hours, it is best to throw it away to avoid food poisoning.

Happy Cooking, come back soon!

Thanks for reading our beginner’s guide to cooking millet. We hope that this guide has inspired you to try new millet recipes for your next meal. Remember, this gluten-free grain is versatile and easy to cook. Whether you’re boiling, roasting, or steaming, millet is a delicious and nutritious addition to your kitchen pantry. So go ahead and experiment with different flavors and cooking techniques. Don’t forget to visit us again for more cooking tips, recipes, and guides. Happy cooking!

Cooking Millet: A Beginner’s Guide

Learn how to cook millet in this beginner’s guide. Millet is a gluten-free grain that’s easy to cook and a nutritious addition to your diet. With these simple steps, you can prepare delicious and healthy millet dishes for your next meal.

  • 1 cup millet
  • 2 cups water
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 1 tbsp olive oil
  • Optional spices (cinnamon, cardamom, cumin)
  1. In a fine-mesh strainer, rinse the millet thoroughly under cold water until the water runs clear. Drain the millet and set aside.
  2. In a large saucepan, heat the olive oil over medium heat. Add the millet and cook for 2-3 minutes, stirring constantly to toast the millet and bring out its nutty flavor.
  3. Add the water and salt to the saucepan, and bring to a boil. Reduce the heat to low, cover, and simmer for 18-20 minutes or until the millet is soft, fluffy, and the water is fully absorbed.
  4. Remove the saucepan from the heat and let it sit, covered, for 5 minutes. Fluff the millet with a fork and add your favorite spices or herbs, such as cinnamon, cardamom, or cumin, to flavor the millet to your liking.
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