Cooking Greens: Tips and Tricks to Perfectly Prepare Your Vegetables

If you’re someone who loves to cook up a storm with vegetables, then cooking greens might already be on your list of healthy and nutritious options. Greens like kale, collard greens, mustard greens, and spinach are packed with vitamins and minerals while being low in calories and high in fiber. However, getting them cooked just right can be a challenge. But don’t worry, we’ve got you covered with some tips and tricks to perfectly prepare your cooking greens for a delicious and healthy meal.

Cooking Greens: Tips and Tricks to Perfectly Prepare Your Vegetables | Eat Urban Garden
Cooking Greens: Tips and Tricks to Perfectly Prepare Your Vegetables

Why Cooking Greens?

Cooking greens is an excellent way to add essential nutrients to your diet. Although they are already packed with vitamins and fibers, cooking them can enhance their nutritional properties and make them more digestible. Here are some benefits of cooking greens:

Increased Nutrient Absorption

Cooking greens can help break down the tough cell walls in the vegetables, making it easier for your body to absorb the nutrients. Greens like spinach and kale contain oxalic acid, which can interfere with the body’s ability to absorb calcium. Cooking these greens can help reduce the oxalic acid content, making it easier for your body to utilize the calcium.

Improved Digestion

Cooking greens can also improve digestion by breaking down the fibers in the vegetables. This can prevent bloating and other digestive issues. Cooking can also reduce the amount of gas-producing compounds in the vegetables, making them easier to digest.

Increase Variety in Your Diet

Cooking greens can also be a fun way to add variety to your diet. There are many different ways to prepare greens, from light sautéing to roasting or grilling. You can also experiment with different types of greens, such as bitter greens like arugula or sweet greens like collard greens.

Reduce Waste

Cooking greens can also help reduce waste as they can be used for a variety of dishes. For example, wilted greens can be added to salads or soups, while steamed greens can be used as a side dish or a base for a stir-fry.

Types of Cooking Greens

If you’re looking to add more greens to your meals, you don’t have to stick to just one type. There are many different varieties of cooking greens available that can help add variety and nutrition to your diet. Here are some of the most popular types of cooking greens:

1. Spinach

Spinach is one of the most versatile of all cooking greens and can be used in all sorts of dishes, from salads to soups to casseroles. It’s packed with nutrients like iron, vitamin A, and vitamin C.

2. Kale

Kale has become popular in recent years, and with good reason: it’s delicious, versatile, and packed with nutrition. Use it in salads, smoothies, soups, or as a side dish.

  • There are many varieties of kale available, including curly kale, flat-leaf kale, and dinosaur kale.

3. Collard Greens

Collard greens are a leafy green vegetable that is part of the cabbage family. They’re rich in vitamin K, vitamin A, and vitamin C, and are often used in Southern-style cooking.

  • Cook collard greens with smoked ham hocks or other flavorful meats for added flavor.

4. Swiss Chard

Swiss chard is a leafy green vegetable that is similar to spinach. It’s packed with nutrition, including vitamins A, K, and C. Swiss chard has a slightly bitter taste and is often used in Mediterranean-style cooking.

  • Swiss chard comes in a variety of colors, including green, red, and yellow.

5. Mustard Greens

Mustard greens have a slightly peppery flavor and are often used in Southern-style cooking. They’re packed with nutrition, including vitamin K, vitamin A, and vitamin C.

  • Try mustard greens in a salad, or sauté them with garlic and olive oil for a quick and easy side dish.

No matter which type of cooking greens you choose, be sure to wash them thoroughly before cooking to remove any dirt or debris.

Preparing Cooking Greens

Cooking greens like kale, spinach, collard greens, and Swiss chard are a great source of essential vitamins and minerals. They are versatile and can be used in a variety of dishes to add nutrition and flavor. To get the most out of your cooking greens, it is essential to prepare them properly before cooking.

Washing Cooking Greens

Before cooking your greens, be sure to give them a good wash. Greens are notorious for hiding dirt and grit, so it’s a good idea to rinse them under cool water. Fill a large bowl or sink with cool water and submerge the greens, swishing them around to remove any debris. Rinse them thoroughly, then repeat the process if necessary.

Removing Stems and Tough Center Ribs

Depending on the type of cooking greens, there may be tough center ribs or stems that need to be removed before cooking. For example, kale and collard greens have tough center ribs that can be bitter and unpleasant to eat. To remove the center rib, simply fold the leaf in half, then cut along either side of the rib. Discard the rib and chop the leaf into bite-sized pieces.

Blanching Cooking Greens

Blanching cooking greens is an excellent way to preserve their vibrant color and texture. Blanching involves quickly boiling the greens for a few minutes, then plunging them into ice water to stop the cooking process. Blanching helps to soften the greens and remove any bitterness. To blanch cooking greens, bring a large pot of salted water to a boil, add the greens, and cook for 2-3 minutes until bright green and tender. Drain the greens, then transfer to a large bowl of ice water to stop the cooking process.

Steaming Cooking Greens

Steaming is another fantastic way to prepare cooking greens. Steaming helps to preserve the nutrients and flavor of the greens while keeping them tender. To steam cooking greens, fill a large pot with a few inches of water and bring to a boil. Add the greens to a steamer basket and place over the boiling water. Cover the pot and steam for 3-5 minutes until tender and bright green.

With these simple tips and tricks, you can perfectly prepare your cooking greens to get the most nutrients and flavor. Whether you choose to blanch, steam, or sauté your greens, be sure to give them the proper preparation they need to achieve a delicious and healthy dish.

Cooking Methods for Greens

When it comes to cooking greens, there are several methods to choose from. Not all greens are created equal, though, and different cooking methods are better suited to different types of greens. Here are some methods to consider.


Sautéing is a quick and easy way to cook greens, making it a great option for busy weeknights. Heat a little oil or butter in a large skillet over medium heat. Add your greens and stir occasionally until they are wilted and tender, about 5-10 minutes. Sautéed greens make a tasty side dish on their own or can be used as a topping for soups, pasta, or rice dishes.


Steamed greens are a healthy and delicious option that preserve more of the nutrients in the vegetables. To steam greens, bring a pot of water to a boil and add a steaming basket or colander on top. Add your greens and cover the pot with a lid. Steam until the greens are tender and bright in color, about 5-10 minutes depending on the type of green. Steamed greens are a great addition to salads or can be used as a side dish.


Blanching greens is a great way to preserve their color and flavor. Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil and add your greens. Cook for just a minute or two until they are tender and bright green. Use a slotted spoon to remove the greens from the boiling water and immediately place them in a bowl of ice water to stop the cooking process. Once the greens are cooled, pat them dry and use them in salads or as a side dish.


Braising is a slow-cooking method that infuses the greens with flavor. Heat a little oil in a large skillet or Dutch oven over medium-high heat. Add your greens and any aromatics like garlic or onions. Cook for a few minutes until the greens are wilted and slightly browned. Add a liquid like broth or wine and let the greens simmer until they are tender and the liquid has reduced into a flavorful sauce. Braised greens make a tasty side dish or can be served over rice or pasta.

Seasoning Cooking Greens

Cooking greens are a great way to add nutrition to your meals. They are packed with vitamins and minerals and can be prepared in a variety of ways. However, some people find the taste of greens to be a bit bitter or bland. Fortunately, there are many different seasoning options available to enhance the flavor of your greens.

1. Salt and Pepper

The most basic seasoning option for cooking greens is salt and pepper. A little bit of salt can go a long way in bringing out the natural flavor of your greens. You can also add some freshly ground black pepper to give your dish a little bit of heat. If you want to get fancy, try using different types of salt, such as sea salt or Himalayan pink salt, for a unique flavor.

2. Garlic and Onion Powder

If you want to add some additional flavor to your greens, try using garlic and onion powder. These two ingredients are a staple in many savory dishes and can bring some extra depth to the flavor of your greens. Just be careful not to overdo it, as these powders can easily overpower the other flavors in your dish.

3. Hot Sauce

If you like a little bit of heat in your food, try adding some hot sauce to your greens. There are many different types of hot sauce available, from mild to extra spicy, so you can choose one that suits your taste buds. Some popular hot sauce options include sriracha, Tabasco, and Frank’s RedHot.

4. Lemon Juice

Lemon juice is a great way to add some acidity to your greens and brighten up the flavors. Just squeeze a wedge of lemon over your cooked greens before serving to give them a zesty kick. You can also try using other types of citrus fruits, such as lime or orange, for a different flavor.

5. Herbs and Spices

If you want to get really creative with your seasoning options, try using herbs and spices. There are countless options available, from traditional herbs like basil and thyme to exotic spices like cumin and turmeric. Here are a few ideas to get you started:

  • Italian seasoning blend
  • Cajun seasoning blend
  • Cumin and coriander
  • Turmeric and ginger

Storing and Freezing Cooking Greens

When it comes to cooking greens, there may be times when you end up with more than you can use immediately. In order to reduce waste and prolong the life of your greens, here are some tips for storing and freezing.

Storing Cooked and Uncooked Greens

If you have purchased or harvested cooking greens, it’s important to store them properly to extend their shelf life. Keep greens dry and store them in airtight containers or bags in the refrigerator. If you have a large bunch of greens, wrap them in a damp paper towel before storing them in a plastic bag. This will keep them hydrated and fresher for longer.

When storing cooked greens, make sure they have cooled completely before placing them in an airtight container in the refrigerator. To prevent them from becoming mushy, do not overcrowd the container.

Freezing Cooked and Uncooked Greens

If you have a surplus of cooking greens, freezing them for later use is a great option. First, rinse the greens in cold water and pat them dry with paper towels. Then, blanch them in boiling water for 90 seconds, and immediately transfer them to a bowl of ice water to stop the cooking process. Shake off any excess water and place the greens in freezer bags, squeezing out as much air as possible before sealing. Label the bags with the date and type of greens to ensure you use them within 6 months.

  • Tip: Blanching helps retain the color, flavor, and nutrients of your greens, so they taste just as fresh when you’re ready to cook them.

If you’re freezing cooked greens, let them cool down to room temperature before packing them into airtight containers. You can store cooked greens in the freezer for up to 3 months.

  • Tip: Cooking greens before freezing them saves you time later when preparing meals.

Thanks for Reading!

We hope that these tips and tricks have helped you perfect your cooking of greens, whether it’s kale, spinach, or collard greens. Remember to always wash your vegetables properly and experiment with different cooking methods and spices to find your perfect flavor. Make sure to visit again for more helpful articles and guides on cooking and healthy eating.

Cooking Greens: Tips and Tricks to Perfectly Prepare Your Vegetables

Learn the best tips and tricks on how to perfectly prepare your cooking greens, including kale, spinach, and collard greens. From washing to cooking methods, we have all the information you need for delicious and healthy dishes.

  • 1 bunch cooking greens
  • 3 tbsp olive oil
  • 2 cloves garlic (minced)
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • 1/8 tsp black pepper
  • 1/4 tsp dried red pepper flakes
  • 1 lemon
  1. Wash the cooking greens thoroughly and remove any tough stems or ribs. Tear or chop the greens into bite-sized pieces.
  2. Heat olive oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat.
  3. Add minced garlic, salt, black pepper, and dried red pepper flakes to the skillet. Stir for 30 seconds until fragrant.
  4. Add the prepared greens to the skillet and toss to coat with the garlic and spices. Cook for 5-7 minutes until the greens are tender.
  5. Remove the skillet from the heat and squeeze fresh lemon juice over the cooked greens. Serve hot and enjoy!
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