Cooking Crabs Made Easy: Tips and Techniques

If you are a seafood enthusiast, one of the best and most indulgent things you can do is to cook crabs. These delicious crustaceans offer a unique flavor that you simply cannot find in other seafood. However, not everyone knows how to properly cook crabs to maximize their flavor and ensure they are safe to eat. In this article, we will be sharing some tips and techniques that will make cooking crabs easy, so you can enjoy this delicacy in the comfort of your own home.

Cooking Crabs Made Easy: Tips and Techniques | Eat Urban Garden
Cooking Crabs Made Easy: Tips and Techniques

Why is Cooking Crabs Different from Other Seafood

Crabs have a uniquely different anatomy and flavor profile compared to other seafood, such as fish or shellfish. Understanding the differences in cooking crabs is crucial to achieving a perfectly cooked and tasty crustacean.

Anatomy of a Crab

Crabs have a hard exoskeleton, which protects and supports their body. This hard shell makes the crab challenging to clean and extract meats from. Their bodies consist of sections divided by joints and covered with hard, chitinous shells. The claws of a crab are often the most prominent part, and they play a vital role in the crab’s movement and feeding. The legs and body of a crab are packed with delicious meat.

Flavor Profile of Crabs

The unique flavor of crab comes from the high levels of minerals and nutrients abundant in the meat. The slightly sweet and savory taste of crab meat pairs well with various herbs and spices, allowing for versatile and creative cooking options.

  • Crab meat is high in protein and low in fat, making it a healthy alternative to red meat.
  • Crabs contain Omega-3 fatty acids, which promote healthy brain function and reduce the risk of heart disease.
  • Crab meat is rich in essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin B12, selenium, and copper.

How to Choose the Best Crabs to Cook

Choosing the right crab can make or break your dish. Here are some tips to ensure that you select the best crabs for cooking:

1. Look for live crabs

The freshest crabs are the ones that are still alive. They should be active and moving around in their tank or container. Dead crabs should be avoided as they may contain harmful bacteria that can cause food poisoning.

2. Check the crab’s shell

The shell of the crab should be hard and shiny. Avoid crabs with soft or dull shells as they may be molting, which means they have recently shed their old shell and are growing a new one. Molting crabs have less meat and their flesh may taste slightly bitter.

  • Make sure there are no cracks or holes in the shell. These can indicate that the crab has been damaged or injured.
  • Look for crabs with a uniform color. Discolorations or splotches on the shell can indicate disease or infection.

3. Consider the size and gender of the crab

Choose crabs that are heavy for their size. Heavier crabs have more meat and are therefore more flavorful. Larger crabs tend to have larger claws, which can be a plus if you’re looking for more meat to extract.

  • Male crabs are more sought after than female crabs because they tend to have bigger claws and more meat. Female crabs are often used for their roe, or eggs.
  • If you’re cooking for a group of people, consider buying a mixture of male and female crabs to cater to different preferences.

4. Ask the fishmonger for advice

If you’re not sure which crabs to choose, or if you have any questions about the crabs on offer, don’t hesitate to ask the fishmonger. They should be able to recommend the best crabs for your needs and give you tips on cooking and cleaning them.

Remember, the fresher the crab, the better it will taste. So don’t be afraid to ask questions and take your time when selecting crabs to cook.

What are the Different Ways to Cook Crabs

Crabs are versatile seafood that can be cooked in many ways. From boiling to grilling, here are some of the most popular methods for cooking crabs:


Boiling crabs is one of the most popular methods of cooking them. To do this, fill a large pot with water and add salt and any other flavorings you like such as herbs, spices, and lemon juice. Bring the water to a boil, then add the crabs. Boil the crabs for 10-15 minutes or until they turn bright red. Remove from the pot using tongs and serve hot with melted butter and lemon wedges.


Steaming crabs is another popular way to cook them. To do this, fill a pot with a steamer insert with about an inch of water and bring it to a boil. Add the crabs to the steamer insert, cover with a lid and steam for about 10-20 minutes depending on the size of the crabs. For added flavor, you can add herbs and spices to the water. Remove from the steamer using tongs and serve hot with dipping sauce.


Baking crabs is a popular method that is perfect for those who prefer a less messy way of cooking them. Preheat your oven to 375°F. Clean and prepare the crabs according to your liking, then arrange them on a baking sheet. Drizzle some olive oil over the crabs, then sprinkle some herbs and seasoning. Bake for about 30-35 minutes or until the crabs turn a deep red color. Remove the baking sheet from the oven using oven mitts and serve hot with your favorite dipping sauce.

How to Clean and Prepare Crabs for Cooking

Crabs are delicious seafood that many people love but can find intimidating to prepare. By following these simple steps, you can clean and prepare crabs for cooking with ease.

Step 1: Remove the Apron

The first thing you need to do is remove the apron. The apron is located on the underside of the crab, near the back legs. Simply hold the crab in one hand and use your other hand to pull the apron away from the body.

Step 2: Lift the Top Shell

Next, lift the top shell (also known as the carapace). Grasp the body with one hand and use your other hand to gently lift the top shell off of the body. Set the top shell aside.

Step 3: Remove the Gills and Soft Innards

Once the top shell is removed, you’ll see the crab’s gills and soft innards. These need to be removed before cooking. Using your fingers or a spoon, carefully lift and pull out the gills and innards. Discard them.

Step 4: Rinse and Clean the Crab

Now that the gills and innards are removed, you need to rinse and clean the crab. Rinse the crab under cold running water to remove any remaining debris. Using a small brush, gently clean the crab’s body and legs. Your crab is now ready to cook!

Best Spices and Seasonings for Crab Cooking

Crabs offer a delicious, delicate flavor that can be enhanced with the right blend of spices and seasonings. Whether you’re boiling, grilling or baking them, the addition of these aromatic ingredients provides a mouth-watering experience.

Cajun Seasoning

The spicy cajun seasoning is a popular choice for crab lovers. This blend of paprika, chili powder, garlic powder, cumin, and other herbs and spices adds a kick of heat to your dish. Sprinkle it generously on the crabs before cooking, and once cooked, you’ll have a flavorful, fiery meal.

Old Bay Seasoning

Another classic seasoning for crab cooking is the Old Bay seasoning. It contains a blend of herbs and spices like paprika, celery salt, black pepper, and bay leaf. This seasoning adds a salty, herby, and slightly spicy flavor that is perfect for crab boils.

Lemon Pepper Seasoning

The lemon pepper seasoning adds a citrusy and zesty flavor to the crabs. It’s a combination of black pepper, salt, and lemon zest that brings out the sweetness of crab meat. Simply sprinkle it on the crabs after cooking and squeeze some lemon juice over to enhance the tangy flavor further.

Garlic Butter

Garlic butter is a classic accompaniment to crab dishes. It’s a simple blend of garlic, butter, and parsley that adds a velvety and rich flavor to the crabs. Melt the butter in a pan and sauté the garlic and parsley for a few minutes. Drizzle the sauce over the crabs or serve on the side as a dipping sauce.

Rosemary Thyme Seasoning

A blend of rosemary, thyme, and other herbs is an excellent seasoning for baked crabs. It adds a subtle herbal aroma to the dish, bringing out the natural sweetness of the crab meat. Mix the herbs with butter and use it to baste the crabs while baking for a lip-smacking meal.

How to Serve and Enjoy your Cooked Crabs

After successfully cooking crabs with our tips and techniques, it’s time to serve and enjoy them. Here are some tips for presenting and serving cooked crabs, and ideas for delicious sides and beverages to enjoy with your meal.

1. Plating Tips

The way you plate your cooked crabs can make a big difference in the overall dining experience. Here are some plating tips to keep in mind:

  • Arrange the crabs on a large platter or individual plates
  • Use crab crackers and picks to make it easy for guests to extract the meat
  • Garnish with lemon wedges and fresh herbs like parsley or thyme
  • Add some color and texture by serving with a simple salad or roasted vegetables

2. Sides and Beverages

Cooked crabs are delicious on their own, but pairing them with the right sides and beverages can take the meal to the next level. Here are some ideas:

  • Buttered corn on the cob
  • Garlic bread or rolls
  • Coleslaw or potato salad

As for beverages, consider serving something light and refreshing, such as:

  • Iced tea or lemonade
  • A crisp white wine or rosé
  • A light beer like a pilsner or lager

Pro tip: If you’re feeling adventurous, try boiling your crabs in beer instead of water for an extra layer of flavor.

Thanks for Reading!

We hope these tips and techniques make cooking crabs much easier for you. Whether you’re a novice or an experienced cook, following these guidelines will help you prepare delicious crab dishes that everyone will enjoy. Remember to buy live crabs and handle them with care. With practice and patience, you’ll soon be a crab-cooking expert!

Cooking Crabs Made Easy: Tips and Techniques

Learn tips and techniques for cooking crabs easily and quickly. Follow these steps to prepare delicious crab dishes that are sure to be a crowd-pleaser.

  • 2 live crabs
  • 4 tablespoons salt
  • 1 tablespoon black pepper
  • 2 tablespoons vinegar
  • 1 tablespoon garlic powder
  • 2 cups water
  • 1 onion (chopped)
  1. Place the crabs in a colander and rinse them thoroughly with cold water. Using a sharp knife, chop the crabs into halves or quarters. Remove the gills, stomach, and mandibles using a small brush or spoon.
  2. In a large pot, mix 4 tablespoons of salt, 1 tablespoon of black pepper, 2 tablespoons of vinegar, and 1 tablespoon of garlic powder. Add 2 cups of water and mix well.
  3. Place the crabs in the pot with the seasoning and bring the water to a boil. Cover the pot and cook the crabs for 20-30 minutes.
  4. Remove the cover and check the crabs. The color should change from a blueish-green to a bright orange if cooked thoroughly. Don’t overcook the crabs as they may become dry and tough.
  5. Using tongs, remove the crabs from the pot and place them on a large plate. Garnish with chopped onions and serve hot with your favorite dipping sauce.
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