Cook Delicious Bulgogi: Become a Korean Cuisine Expert

If you’re a foodie looking for new dishes to try, Korean cuisine is a must-try. Among the popular Korean dishes that have gained popularity around the world is Bulgogi. This dish, which is commonly translated as “fire meat,” is a traditional Korean BBQ dish that features thinly-sliced beef marinated in a sweet and savory sauce. Learn how to cook this mouth-watering dish and amaze your family and friends with your Korean cooking skills. Follow this step-by-step guide to cook delicious Bulgogi like a pro.

Cook Delicious Bulgogi: Become a Korean Cuisine Expert | Eat Urban Garden
Cook Delicious Bulgogi: Become a Korean Cuisine Expert

What is Bulgogi

Bulgogi, which means “fire meat” in Korean, is a popular dish made with thinly sliced marinated meat, usually beef, that is cooked either by grilling or stir-frying. The dish is usually served with steamed rice and side dishes such as kimchi and pickled vegetables. Bulgogi is considered one of the most iconic dishes in Korean cuisine and is loved by people all over the world.

The History of Bulgogi

The origins of bulgogi can be traced back to the Korean Goguryeo era, which lasted from 37 BC to 668 AD. At that time, people used to marinate meat in soy sauce and grill it over an open flame. The dish was originally made using beef, but pork, chicken, and other meats can also be used. In the past, bulgogi was considered a luxury dish and was only served at special occasions such as weddings, festivals, and ceremonies.

The Ingredients

  • Thinly-sliced beef (usually sirloin, tenderloin, or ribeye)
  • Soy sauce
  • Sugar
  • Sesame oil
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Pear or apple (to tenderize the meat)

The Marinade

To make the marinade, mix soy sauce, sugar, sesame oil, minced garlic, minced ginger, and grated pear or apple in a bowl. The pear or apple is used to tenderize the meat and add a slight sweetness to the marinade. The meat should be marinated for at least 30 minutes to allow the flavors to infuse.

Pro Tip: To get the best flavor, marinate the meat overnight in the refrigerator.

The History of Bulgogi

Bulgogi is a traditional Korean dish that has been enjoyed for over 2,000 years. The word “bulgogi” comes from the Korean words bul (“fire”) and gogi (“meat”), which refers to the method of cooking the dish over an open flame. This dish has been part of Korean cuisine since the Goguryeo dynasty, which dates back to 37 BC.

The Origin of Bulgogi

There are many theories about the origin of bulgogi. One theory is that it was invented by Goguryeo soldiers who skewered meat with their swords and cooked it over an open flame. Another theory is that it was a dish for the wealthy class during the Joseon dynasty, who used thinly sliced beef instead of lamb due to the influence of Confucianism which prohibited the consumption of red meat. In any case, bulgogi has been a beloved dish in Korea for centuries.

Bulgogi Today

Today, bulgogi is still a popular dish in Korea and is enjoyed by people all over the world. It is made with thinly sliced meat, such as beef or pork, that is marinated in a mixture of soy sauce, garlic, sugar, and other ingredients. The meat is then grilled or pan-fried and served with rice, vegetables, and other condiments.

  • Bulgogi is often served as a main dish during special occasions, such as weddings and holidays.
  • There are many variations of bulgogi, such as chicken bulgogi, mushroom bulgogi, and tofu bulgogi.
  • Bulgogi can be served as a sandwich or wrap, or even in a burrito.

Types of Bulgogi Meat

If you’re looking to make Bulgogi, one of the most well-known and beloved Korean dishes, there are plenty of options when it comes to the type of meat you use. Although beef is the most traditional option, different types of meat, including pork, chicken, and tofu, can also be used to create a delicious Bulgogi dish.

Beef Bulgogi

Beef Bulgogi is the most well-known and widely consumed version of this dish. You can use different cuts of beef, including sirloin, rib-eye or flank steak, but the key is to slice the meat thinly so that it can absorb the marinade and cook quickly. You can cook beef bulgogi by grilling the meat over high heat if you prefer a smoky flavor, or pan-fry it for a quicker and more convenient option.

Pork Bulgogi

Pork Bulgogi can be a great alternative if you want a richer flavor than traditional beef Bulgogi. Pork belly is a popular choice, but you can also use other parts of the pig, such as pork shoulder or loin. Be sure to slice the pork thinly to ensure proper cooking and absorption of the marinade. Like beef Bulgogi, you can cook pork Bulgogi on a grill or pan-fry it for a quicker option.

Chicken Bulgogi

If you prefer a lighter taste than beef or pork, chicken Bulgogi is a great alternative. Use skinless, boneless chicken thighs cut into thin strips for best results. The meat tends to be a bit drier than beef or pork, so marinating it for at least two hours is necessary to lock in the flavor and moisture. When cooking chicken Bulgogi, it’s safest to pan-fry it to ensure it’s cooked through.

The Perfect Bulgogi Marinade

When it comes to cooking bulgogi, the marinade is the key to making it delicious. The marinade recipe is not complicated and requires only a few basic ingredients, but the key is finding the right balance of flavors.

The Basic Marinade Recipe

The basic marinade recipe consists of soy sauce, sugar, garlic, ginger, and sesame oil. Here is a simple recipe that you can use:

Ingredient Amount
Soy sauce 1/2 cup
Sugar 2 tablespoons
Garlic, minced 4-5 cloves
Ginger, grated 1 tablespoon
Sesame oil 1 tablespoon

Customizing the Marinade

While the basic marinade recipe is delicious, you can customize the marinade to suit your taste. Here are a few suggestions:

  • If you like your marinade sweet, add more sugar.
  • If you like your marinade garlicky, add more garlic.
  • If you like your marinade spicy, add some red pepper flakes or gochujang (Korean chili paste).
  • If you like your marinade tangy, add a splash of rice vinegar.

Marinating the Meat

Once you have made the marinade, it’s time to marinate the meat. You can use any type of beef, but sirloin or ribeye are the best cuts for bulgogi.

Tip: It’s best to marinate the meat for at least 30 minutes, but if you have time, marinate it overnight for maximum flavor.

Cooking Bulgogi

When it comes to cooking bulgogi, there are various ways to prepare this delicious Korean dish. Depending on your preference, you can choose to grill it or stir-fry it. Regardless of your cooking method, the key to achieving the perfect bulgogi is to have a well-marinated meat.


As mentioned, the marinade is the key ingredient to creating a flavorful and authentic bulgogi. The perfect marinade should have a balance of sweet and savory flavors. Most recipes call for a combination of soy sauce, brown sugar, pear puree, garlic, and sesame oil. If you’re feeling adventurous, you can also add some chili paste or gochujang to create a spicy version called “dak bulgogi”.

Meat selection

Traditionally, bulgogi is made with thinly sliced beef, but you can also use pork, chicken, or even tofu if you prefer a vegetarian option. For the best results, select cuts of meat that have a good balance of fat and lean meat. The fat will help keep the meat juicy and tender while cooking, so don’t be afraid to go for marbled cuts. Additionally, you can ask your butcher to thinly slice the meat for you to save time and effort.


To grill bulgogi, start by heating your grill to medium-high heat. Once the grill is hot, place the meat on the grill and cook for 2-3 minutes on each side or until the meat is cooked to your liking. Remember to brush some oil or marinade on the meat before grilling to prevent sticking and to add extra flavor.


If you prefer the stir-fry method, start by heating a tablespoon of oil in a large skillet or wok over high heat. Once the oil is hot, add the meat and stir-fry for 2-3 minutes or until the meat is cooked through. You can also add some sliced onions, scallions, and mushrooms to the skillet to add extra flavor and texture to the dish.

Tip: Don’t overcook the meat as it can become tough and chewy. Cooking the bulgogi until it is just done will ensure a juicy and tender result.

Serving Bulgogi

One of the best ways to enjoy bulgogi is to serve it with other Korean dishes that complement its flavors. Here are some popular side dishes that you can serve with bulgogi:


Bulgogi is a meat dish that is typically served with rice. You can use regular steamed rice, or you can try making bibimbap, which is a mixed rice dish that includes vegetables, meat, and a spicy sauce.


Kimchi is a spicy, fermented vegetable dish that is a staple in Korean cuisine. It is made with Chinese cabbage, radish, and scallions, and it has a sour and slightly sweet flavor. You can serve kimchi as a side dish with your bulgogi.

Vegetable Side Dishes

Korean cuisine is known for its many vegetable side dishes, which are called banchan. You can serve your bulgogi with a selection of banchan dishes, such as pickled vegetables, stir-fried spinach, or pan-fried mushrooms.

Lettuce Wraps

Lettuce leaves are often served alongside bulgogi, and they are used to wrap the meat and other side dishes. The lettuce leaves add a refreshing crunch to the dish and help to balance out the rich flavors of the meat.


Soup is another popular dish that can be served alongside bulgogi. Try making doenjang jjigae, which is a soup made with fermented soybean paste, or miyeok guk, which is a seaweed soup that is rich in flavor and nutrients.

Thanks for Reading and Enjoy Your Korean Cuisine

Now that you’ve learned how to make delicious Bulgogi and gained insight into the fascinating world of Korean cuisine, it’s time to put your skills to the test! Invite friends over for a Korean BBQ night and impress them with your newly acquired culinary abilities. Experiment with different vegetables and meats to create your own unique dishes, and discover the diversity of this incredible cuisine. Be sure to come back for more delicious recipes and cooking tips!

Cook Delicious Bulgogi: Become a Korean Cuisine Expert

Get ready to expand your culinary horizon with the flavors of Korean cuisine. This recipe will get you started on a journey of delicious discovery with its simple and easy-to-follow instructions.

  • 1 lb thinly sliced beef sirloin
  • 1/2 cup soy sauce
  • 1/4 cup brown sugar
  • 2 tbsp sesame oil
  • 1 tbsp garlic (minced)
  • 1 tbsp ginger (minced)
  • 1/2 tsp black pepper
  1. In a mixing bowl whisk together soy sauce, brown sugar, sesame oil, garlic, ginger, and black pepper until sugar has dissolved.
  2. Add in beef and toss to evenly coat. Cover and marinate in the refrigerator for at least 30 minutes or up to 3 hours.
  3. Heat a large skillet or wok over high heat. Drizzle with oil and once hot add the marinated beef (discarding marinade). Cook tossing occasionally until beef is browned and cooked through, about 6 to 8 minutes. Sprinkle with green onions and sesame seeds if desired.
Main Course
bulgogi, Korean cuisine, Korean BBQ, marinated beef, Asian recipes

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